Guidelines for Authors
Following guidelines are adapted from International standards for authors to support all those involved in scholarly publishing with a summary of best practice guidance.
Refer Submission Instructions tab for detailed instructions for preparing the manuscript.
Authors are encouraged to follow below guidelines in preparing manuscript because it helps authors to describe the study in enough detail for it to be evaluated by editors, reviewers, readers, and other researchers evaluating the medical literature. Our instructions are based on Manuscript preparation instructions issued by the International Committee for Medical Journal Editors.
We will consider manuscripts of any length; There are no restrictions on word count, number of figures, or amount of supporting information. We encourage you to present and discuss your findings concisely. we also encourage the submission of both substantial full-length bodies of work and shorter manuscripts that report novel findings that might be based on a more limited range of experiments.
Manuscripts to be submitted should be organized as following sections. Click on each section or refer below for detailed instructions.
Along with the manuscript a mandatory cover letter needs to be submitted.
The cover letter should:
A separate title page should be submitted as the first page of the manuscript file and it should include below details.
The title of the manuscript should be concise, accurate, and informative.
As titles are often used by search engines and other information retrieval systems, the title must reflect the content of your article and it should contain words that readers might be searching for.
Avoid abbreviations, formulae, and numbers where possible.
Also provide a short title, which will appear at the top of the PDF upon publication, if accepted.
Authors & Affiliations
All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed. All author names should be listed in the following order:
First names (or initials, if used),)
Middle names (or initials, if used), and
Last names (surname, family name)
Each author on the list must have an affiliation. The affiliation includes department, university, or organizational affiliation and its location, including city, state/province (if applicable), and country.
One author should be designated (with an asterisk) as the corresponding author, and his or her contact address, contact phone number, email and fax number should be included on the manuscript cover page.
Three to six words which explain the research briefly and have direct connection with the script can be used as keywords. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.
The introduction should set the tone of the paper by providing a clear statement of the study, the relevant literature on the study subject, and the proposed approach or solution. The introduction should be general enough to attract a reader’s attention from a broad range of scientific disciplines.
Methods & Materials
This section should provide enough details to allow suitably skilled investigators to fully replicate your study. It should include the design of the study, the setting, the type of participants or materials involved, a clear description of all interventions and comparisons, and the type of analysis used, including a power calculation, if appropriate. Only truly new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be referenced.
The following are some special points:
Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and figures, giving the main or most important findings first. Do not repeat all the data in the tables or figures in the text; emphasize or summarize only the most important observations. Extra or supplementary materials and technical details can be placed in an appendix where they will be accessible but will not interrupt the flow of the text.
Give numeric results not only as derivatives (For example %) but also as the absolute numbers from which the derivatives were calculated and specify the statistical methods used to analyse them.
Restrict tables and figures to those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess its support. Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Avoid non–technical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as “random” (which implies a randomizing device), “normal”, “significant”, “correlations”, and “sample”.
For experimental studies, it is useful to begin the discussion by briefly summarizing the main findings, then explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings, compare and contrast the results with other relevant studies, state the limitations of the study, and explore the implications of the findings for future research and for clinical practice.
Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them.
Link the conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not adequately supported by the data. Avoid claiming priority and alluding to work that has not been completed. State new hypotheses when warranted, but clearly label them as such.
Do not repeat in detail data or other information given in the Introduction or the Results section.
Contributors Listed in Acknowledgments
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an acknowledgments section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chairperson who provided only general support.
Those who contributed to the work but do not meet our authorship criteria should be listed in the Acknowledgments with a description of the contribution.
Authors are responsible for ensuring that anyone named in the Acknowledgments agrees to be named.
Authors are responsible for the accuracy of cited references and these should be checked before the manuscript is submitted.
Citing in the text
Preparing the reference list
Authors can submit essential supporting files and multimedia files along with their manuscripts. All supporting information will be subject to peer review.
Authors may use almost any description as the item name for a supporting information file as long as it contains an “S” and number.
Supporting information files are published exactly as provided, and are not copyedited.
Tables capture information concisely, and display it efficiently; they also provide information at any desired level of detail and precision.
Including data in tables rather than text frequently makes it possible to reduce the length of the text.
Additional tables containing backup data too extensive to publish in print may be appropriate for publication in the electronic version of the journal, deposited with an archival service, or made available to readers directly by the authors. An appropriate statement should be added to the text to inform readers that this additional information is available and where it is located. Submit such tables for consideration with the paper so that they will be available to the peer reviewers.
Legends for Illustrations (Figures)
Type or print out legends for illustrations using double spacing, starting on a separate page, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the illustrations. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend. Explain the internal scale and identify the method of staining in photomicrographs.
Units of Measurement
Measurements of length, height, weight, and volume should be reported in metric units (meter, kilogram, or liter) or their decimal multiples.
Temperatures should be in degrees Celsius. Blood pressures should be in millimeters of mercury, unless other units are specifically required by the journal.
Journals vary in the units they use for reporting hematologic, clinical chemistry, and other measurements. Authors must consult the Information for Authors of the particular journal and should report laboratory information in both local and International System of Units (SI).
Editors may request that authors add alternative or non-SI units, since SI units are not universally used. Drug concentrations may be reported in either SI or mass units, but the alternative should be provided in parentheses where appropriate.
Abbreviations and Symbols
Use only standard abbreviations; use of nonstandard abbreviations can be confusing to readers. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript. The spelled-out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis should be used on first mention unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement.
Competing interests may be financial or non-financial. A competing interest exists when the authors’ interpretation of data or presentation of information may be influenced by their personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations.
All submitted manuscripts must include a ‘competing interests’ section at the end of the manuscript listing all competing interests. Where authors have no competing interests, the statement should read “The author(s) declare(s) that they have no competing interests”.
All sources of funding should be declared under the heading “Funding information” at the end of the manuscript file. Authors must describe the role of the study sponsor(s), if any, in the study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of the data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the paper for publication. If the funder(s) had no such involvement, this should be stated.
The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher and the society of society-owned or sponsored journals. Research Open World supports the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). We follows its Best Practice Guidelines and abide by its Code of Conduct.
Copyright and License
Peer Review Process
All research articles published in Research Open World undergo thorough peer review. Peer-review is the system used to assess the quality of a manuscript before it is published. Independent researchers in the relevant research area assess submitted manuscripts for originality, validity and significance to help editors determine whether the manuscript should be published in their journal.
Research Open World operates a single-blind peer-review system, where the reviewers are aware of the names and affiliations of the authors, but the reviewer reports provided to authors are anonymous. Publication of research articles is dependent primarily on their scientific validity and coherence as judged by our expert editors and/or peer reviewers, who will also assess whether the writing is comprehensible and whether the work represents a useful contribution to the field.
Submitted manuscripts will generally be reviewed by two to three experts who will be asked to evaluate whether the manuscript is scientifically sound and coherent, whether it duplicates already published work, and whether or not the manuscript is sufficiently clear for publication. Reviewers will also be asked to indicate how interesting and significant the research is. The Editors will reach a decision based on these reports and, where necessary, they will consult with members of the Editorial Board.
All details about submitted manuscripts are kept confidential and no comments are issued to outside parties or organizations about manuscripts under consideration or if they are rejected. Editors are restricted to making public comments on a published article’s content and their evaluation. Upon accepting an invitation to evaluate a manuscript, reviewers must keep the manuscript and associated data confidential, and not redistribute them without the journal’s permission.
Competing interests may be financial or non-financial. Editors and reviewers are required to declare any competing interests and will be excluded from the peer review process if a competing interest exists.
Article Publication Charges
All articles published in our journals are open access and freely available online, immediately upon publication. This is made possible by an article publication charge (APC) that covers the range of publishing services we provide. This includes provision of online tools for editors and authors, article production and hosting, liaison with abstracting and indexing services, and customer services. The APC, payable when your manuscript is editorially accepted and before publication, is charged to either you, or your funder, institution or employer.
We believe that lack of funds should not be a barrier to Open Access publication. To support, we offer APC waivers to authors from developing and transitional countries. For other countries, article publication charge waivers or discounts are granted on a case-by-case basis to authors with insufficient funds. Authors can request a waiver or discount during the submission process.
Article publication charges are as follows :
|Journal||Publication Fee (GBP)|
|Cancer Studies and Therapeutics||£590|
|Internal Medicine Research – Open Journal||£590|
|Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Journal||£590|
|Nanotechnology and Advanced Material Science||£590|
|Ageing Science & Mental Health Studies||£690|
|Integrative Journal of Veterinary Biosciences||£590|
|Integrative Gynecology and Obstetrics Journal||£590|
|Cardiac Science and Research Journal||£590|
Article Publication Charges
All articles published in our journals are open access and freely available online, immediately upon publication. This is made possible by an article publication charge (APC) that covers the range of publishing services we provide. This includes provision of online tools for editors and authors, article production and hosting, liaison with abstracting and indexing services, and customer services. The APC, payable when your manuscript is editorially accepted and before publication, is charged to either you, or your funder, institution or employer. Article publication charges are as follows :
|Journal||Publication Fee (GBP)|
|Internal Medicine Research – Open Journal||£590|
|Cancer Research – Open Journal||£590|
|Diabetes Research – Open Journal||£590|
|Clinical Research – Open Journal||£590|