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Abstract

Quantum computers promise to efficiently solve important problems that are intractable on a conventional computer. For quantum systems, where the physical dimension grows exponentially, finding the eigenvalues of certain operators is one such intractable problem and remains a fundamental challenge. The quantum phase estimation algorithm efficiently finds the eigenvalue of a given eigenvector but requires fully coherent evolution. Here we present an alternative approach that greatly reduces the requirements for coherent evolution and combine this method with a new approach to state preparation based on ansätze and classical optimization. We implement the algorithm by combining a highly reconfigurable photonic quantum processor with a conventional computer. We experimentally demonstrate the feasibility of this approach with an example from quantum chemistry—calculating the ground-state molecular energy for He–H+. The proposed approach drastically reduces the coherence time requirements, enhancing the potential of quantum resources available today and in the near future. Anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) antibodies, such as ipilimumab, have generated measurable immune responses to Melan-A, NY-ESO-1, and gp100 antigens in metastatic melanoma. Vaccination against such targets has potential forimmunogenicity and may produce an effector memory T-cell response. It has been previously determined the effect of CTLA-4 blockador on antigen-specific responses following vaccination. In-depth immune monitoring was performed on three ipilimumab-treated patientsprevaccinated with gp100 DNA (IMF-24), gp100209–217 and tyrosinase peptides plus GM-CSFDNA (IMF-32), or NY-ESO-1 protein plus imiquimod (IMF-11). In previous studies it was shown that peripheral blood mononuclearcells were analyzed by tetramer and/or intracellular cytokine staining following 10-day culturewith HLA-A*0201-restricted gp100209–217 (ITDQVPFSV), tyrosinase369–377 (YMDGTMSQV),or 20-mer NY-ESO-1 overlapping peptides, respectively. It has also been evaluated on the PDBbind v2012 core set where istar platform combining with RF-Score manages to reproduce Pearson’s correlation coefficient and Spearman’s correlation coefficient of as high as 0.855 and 0.859 respectively between the experimental binding affinity and the predicted binding affinity of the docked conformation. Here, we have discovered for the first time a variational eigenvalue solver on a photonic quantum processor of algorithms for Large-Scale Protein-Ligand Docking experiments for the in silico prediction of a computer-aided molecular designed CTLA-4 blockador for the increasement of the antigen-specific CD8+ T-cells to the inprevaccinated patients with melanoma.

Keywords

variational eigenvalue solver, photonic quantum processor, in silico, computer-aided molecular, CTLA-4 blockador, increasement, antigen-specific CD8+, T-cells, inprevaccinated patients, melanoma, new cluster of algorithms, Web Platform, Large-Scale, Protein-Ligand, Docking experiments

Article Type

Research Article – Abstract

Publication history

Received: Sep 20, 2017
Accepted: Sep 25, 2017
Published: Oct 01, 2017

Citation

Grigoriadis Ioannis, Grigoriadis George, Grigoriadis Nikolaos, George Galazios (2017) A variational eigenvalue solver on a photonic quantum processor of algorithms for Large-Scale Protein-Ligand Docking experiments for the in silico prediction of a computer-aided molecular designed CTLA-4 blockador for the increasement of the antigen-specific CD8+ T-cells to the inprevaccinated patients with melanoma.

Authors Info

Grigoriadis Nikolaos
Department of IT Computer Aided Personalized Myoncotherapy, Cartigenea-Cardiogenea, Neurogenea-Cellgenea, Cordigenea-HyperoligandorolTM,
Biogenea Pharmaceuticals Ltd,
Thessaloniki, Greece;

Grigoriadis Ioannis
Department of Computer Drug Discovery Science, BiogenetoligandorolTM,
Biogenea Pharmaceuticals Ltd,
Thessaloniki, Greece;

Grigoriadis George
Department of Stem Cell Bank and ViroGeneaTM,
Biogenea Pharmaceuticals Ltd,
Thessaloniki, Greece;

George Galazios
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology,
Democritus University of Thrace,
Komotini, Greece;

E-mail: biogeneadrug@gmail.com

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